Garden Guides | How to Identify Red Oak, Black Oak, & Burr Oak Trees
- Black Oaks will have a tapering bole, the part of the trunk between the ground and the leaves, and an irregular looking crown of leaves. Both the Northern Red and Bur Oaks will have a round crown of leaves. These two trees will also have a long, clear bole when grown near other trees, and a short thick bole when grown in the open.
- 1 How can you tell a black oak?
- 2 What is a black oak tree look like?
- 3 Is there such a thing as a black oak tree?
- 4 Are black oak trees rare?
- 5 How much is a black oak tree worth?
- 6 What is black oak good for?
- 7 How long does a black oak tree live?
- 8 Where are black oak tree found?
- 9 What animals live in black oak trees?
- 10 Is Black Oak actually black?
- 11 What is the difference between white oak and black oak?
- 12 Why do acorns turn black?
- 13 How hard is black oak?
- 14 What tree is dark oak based on?
- 15 Does black oak make good firewood?
How can you tell a black oak?
Examine the bark on the tree. A Black Oak’s bark is almost black and will have deep vertical furrows with horizontal breaks running across the trunk. You can also identify Black Oak by cutting away the outer bark. The inner bark on a Black Oak is yellow and bitter tasting.
What is a black oak tree look like?
Black oak leaves are alternate, simple, 5 to 9 inches long and have 5 to 7 irregular bristle tipped lobes. The leaves are lustrous and dark green in color on the upper surface and paler or coppery below with more or less scurfy pubescence and prominent tufts in the axils of the leaf veins.
Is there such a thing as a black oak tree?
Quercus velutina, the black oak, is a species of oak in the red oak group (Quercus sect. Lobatae), native and widespread in eastern and central North America.
Are black oak trees rare?
Today Black Oak is the nation’s rarest and most valuable native hardwood. Occasionaly weighing over 1000 kg per cubic metre Black Oak is by far the densest native hardwood, meaning very fine detailed accurate work can be achieved. At between 4800 to 5500 years old Black Oak is the nation’s most ancient hardwood.
How much is a black oak tree worth?
An oak tree in a timber sale can be worth anywhere from 15 cents a board foot for pallet material quality up to $1.20 per board foot for high quality logs. I had a buyer tell me a tree I had marked last week was worth $1,000.
What is black oak good for?
Native Americans used black oak to treat a wide variety of ailments including indigestion, chills, fevers, respiratory problems, sore eyes, and more. It was also used as an antiseptic and an emetic (to induce vomiting).
How long does a black oak tree live?
GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Black oak is a medium- to large-sized, native, deciduous tree with an irregularly rounded crown . In a forest, the trunk is usually branch-free for half the height of the tree . Individuals may live 150 to 200 years.
Where are black oak tree found?
Black oak is widely distributed from southwestern Maine west in New York to extreme southern Ontario, southeastern Minnesota, and Iowa; south in eastern Nebraska, eastern Kansas, central Oklahoma, and eastern Texas; and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia (18,19). -The native range of black oaks.
What animals live in black oak trees?
Cavities in the trees provide den or nest sites for owls, various woodpeckers, tree squirrels, and American black bears. Trees provide valuable shade for livestock and wildlife during the hot summer months. California black oak forest types are heavily used for spring, summer, and fall cover by black bear.
Is Black Oak actually black?
Color/Appearance: Has a light to medium reddish-brown color, though there can be a fair amount of variation in color. Conversely, White Oak tends to be slightly more olive-colored, but is by no means a reliable method of determining the type of oak. Odor: Has a tell-tale smell that is common to most oaks.
What is the difference between white oak and black oak?
Black Oak: dark blocky trunk, no shiny ridges. White Oak: light gray, slightly furrowed to scaly.
Why do acorns turn black?
We must leach out the tannic acid it can damage our kidneys, Most unleached acorns are too bitter to eat without leaching. There are three general ways to leach acorns. The least common way is to bury them whole in a river bank for a year, which turns them black and sweet, good for roasting.
How hard is black oak?
Due to its moderately high density, California black oak’s strength and stiffness is high, although slightly weaker than eastern red oaks. For dry wood, the ultimate strength (MOR) is 13,000 psi and hardness is 1100 pounds. Comparative red oak values are 14,300 psi and 1290 pounds.
What tree is dark oak based on?
The closest thing we have to dark oak wood in the real world is probably the wood of Quercus velutina, the eastern black oak – which grows all across the eastern United States – from Maine to Texas.
Does black oak make good firewood?
California Black Oak is a hardwood that makes excellent firewood that burns hot and produces a long lasting bed of coals. As with most oaks the downside is they can produce a lot of ash but this one produces less than many others and is considered by many to be superior to white oak for firewood.